Ontario Women’s Justice Network

This guide explores what copyright is, the process for registering copyrights in Canada and the benefits of registration. This electronic version of the guide is the official version. If there are inconsistencies between this guide and the applicable legislation, the legislation must be followed. Read our terms and conditions. Although this guide is not a complete text on law regarding copyright, we have designed it as an introduction to copyright and copyright registration. A poem, painting, musical score, performer’s performance, computer program—all are valuable creations, although perhaps no one can measure their worth.

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Table of contents Regulations 4 Alphanumerics Title P Updated to 1 June Consumer Protection Act. Non-profit legal persons cannot invoke their non-profit status to avoid the application of this Act. If a dispute arises after a contract has been entered into, the consumer may then agree to refer the dispute to arbitration. However, except in the case of an indeterminate-term service contract, such a stipulation is prohibited if it applies to an essential element of the contract, particularly the nature of the goods or services that are the object of the contract, the price of the goods or services or, if applicable, the term of the contract.

You need to determine whether the laws that deal with your legal problem Searchable database of orders in council dating from to the present. to its catalogue, Quebec laws and regulations (including the Revised.

The landlord-tenant relationship can involve the collection, use and disclosure of significant amounts of personal information. Privacy issues can arise, for example, relating to:. Here are some answers to the most common questions that we are asked by tenants or prospective tenants. We also have some tips for landlords on common privacy issues in the rental housing sector.

PIPEDA sets out the ground rules for how businesses, including landlords, must handle personal information in the course of commercial activity. Many landlords use credit bureaus. Credit bureaus collect, use and disclose personal information through their consumer credit reports.

Statutory Rape in Canada

Statutory Rape in Canada is defined as any sexual contact with a person under the age of consent. This usually refers to an adults touching children for sexual purposes. The age of consent is consistent across Canada and does not vary between provinces. This means that people who are 15 years of age or younger cannot legally consent to sexual activity. Engaging in sexual activity or sexual touching of a person under the age of consent can result in, among other charges, a charge of statutory rape.

In , the age of consent was changed from 14 years of age to 16 years of age.

Québec City will process all cheques on the appropriate date and for mining tax return, Québec tax laws or regulations election such.

Information about dates on pre-packaged food is a valuable source of information for consumers. There are different kinds of date markings, depending on the product. The most common terms are “best-before” dates, “packaged on” dates, and expiration dates. Knowing what these terms mean will help you understand the labels, which in turn will help you make informed choices about the food you buy. A “best-before” date, also known as a durable life date, tells you when the durable life period of a prepackaged food ends.

Durable life means the anticipated amount of time that an unopened food product, when stored under appropriate conditions, will retain its:. This information is usually found on the label with the words “best before” and ” meilleur avant “. The best-before date indicates to consumers that if the product has been properly handled stored under conditions appropriate to that product , the unopened product should be of high quality until the specified date.

Best-before dates do not guarantee product safety. However, they do give you information about the freshness and potential shelf-life of the unopened foods you are buying. The durable life information can be expressed several ways, for example, the number of days a product will retain its freshness, or a best-before date.

Together, the “packaged on” date and durable life information tell consumers about the anticipated amount of time that an unopened food product will retain its quality and freshness.

Quebecers flouting coronavirus rules can expect hefty fines, premier warns

When a mentally ill person commits a minor offense, access to the appropriate mental health services is important. It is crucial that police officers be made aware that the individual is suffering from a mental illness, so that medical rather than criminal attention is received. Entering a detention centre and appearing before the courts should be avoided whenever possible. Together, they work in joint collaboration and intervene when there is a crisis that involves a mentally ill individual.

A person in distress may call a operator and the operator will contact the police, or a person may directly call a police officer at time of crisis.

to the age at which the criminal law recognizes the legal capacity of a young person to It specifies that the testimony of a person as to the date of his or her birth is Roy (), DLR (4th) , the Quebec Court of Appeal held that this.

The Canadian province of Quebec recently enacted a new law that bans many public employees — including teachers, police officers and judges — from wearing religious symbols in the workplace. Quebec is not the only jurisdiction to enact restrictions on religious dress in public. A ban on face veils is also in force in several other European countries. In addition, a rising share of Canadians identify with other faiths, including Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Buddhism, due in large part to immigration.

One-in-five have no preference either way. Sikh men in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police also are exempt from wearing hats so they can wear turbans, as required by their faith. More recently, in , a Quebec court ruled that a Muslim woman was wrongly told to remove her hijab in a courtroom, and that head scarves should be allowed in court if they do not harm the public interest.

By all of these measures, young Canadian adults are less religious than their elders. This figure has been largely steady across three surveys conducted by Pew Research Center in , and About three-in-ten Canadians take the opposite view, saying that in order to have good values, belief in God is essential. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.

Common-Law and De-Facto Spouses: Québec Taxes FAQ

Paul B. Disclaimer The following material is provided for educational purposes only. It is not offered as legal advice or opinion, and is not to be relied upon as such. This primer aims to explain the legal duties that physicians have toward their patients.

(i) the date on which, or the time within which, the merchant’s principal obligation must be The contract is cancelled by operation of law as of the sending of the.

Tick the box that applied to your status on December 31, Changes to your marital status could affect your benefit and credit payments. To find out more, go to Updating your marital status. This applies only to a person to whom you are legally married. Note In this definition, 12 continuous months includes any period you were separated for less than 90 days because of a breakdown in the relationship.

You are still considered to have a spouse or common-law partner if you were separated involuntarily not because of a breakdown in your relationship. An involuntary separation could happen when one spouse or common-law partner is living away for work, school, or health reasons or is incarcerated. Enter on page 1 of your income tax return the following information about your spouse or common-law partner, if applicable:.

Your spouse’s or common-law partner’s net income Even though you show your spouse’s or common-law partner’s net income on your tax return, they may still have to file a tax return for See Do you have to file a return? Your spouse’s or common-law partner’s universal child care benefit UCCB This is the amount on line of your spouse’s or common-law partner’s return, or the amount that it would be if they filed a return.

Legal Regulation of the Physician–Patient Relationship

Table of contents Enabling statutes 7 Alphanumerics Title C Updated to 1 April Code of Civil Procedure. Code of Penal Procedure. Police Act. Courts of Justice Act.

Decisions from Quebec Courts, Boards and Tribunals dating back to for some bodies. (provided by CanLII).

The legal age of consent to sexual activity refers to the age at which the criminal law recognizes the legal capacity of a young person to provide such consent. This paper presents many of the offences in Canada related to the age of consent to sexual activity, as well as some of the legal issues connected with them. Consent is not a defence, however, when, for example, it is obtained by use of threats or force or when a person is incapable of giving consent.

One example is that of pornography. A number of other offences where the age of the victim determines whether that particular offence has been committed are set out below. This is a hybrid offence, with a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for one year upon indictment or six months upon summary conviction. It is an offence to make, print, publish, possess, access, transmit, make available, distribute, sell, advertise, export, import or possess for the purpose of publication or transmission child pornography.

Child pornography is broadly defined and includes:. It is an indictable offence for any person in the home of a child to participate in adultery or sexual immorality or to indulge in habitual drunkenness or any other form of vice, and thereby endanger the morals of the child or render the home an unfit place for the child to be in.

Frequently asked questions – Residential

The age of consent is the age at which a young person can legally agree to sexual activity. Age of consent laws apply to all forms of sexual activity, ranging from kissing and fondling to sexual intercourse. The age of consent to sexual activity is 16 years. In some cases, the age of consent is higher for example, when there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency.

To this effect, there are a few notable exceptions to the law: and territories have child protection legislation with mandatory reporting laws for suspected cases.

We use cookie and similar technologies in our web sites. For more information see our privacy policy page. More than 36, lawyers stay sharp through membership in the CBA. The CBA supports professional excellence among the legal community through our many engaging and expert publications. We have been championing Canadian lawyers and Canadian law since Rapid developments surrounding COVID are deeply concerning but Canadians can be assured that the justice system continues to function on their behalf and the rule of law prevails.

That said, all courts are taking measures to adapt as required. Canadians who are engaged in judicial events, are encouraged to consult their respective court website before attending any court matter. Read more. On July 21, , the Tax Court of Canada introduced a fast-track settlement conference process. This process will not require parties to have made a written offer of settlement as outlined in Practice Note No. If parties wish to use the fast-track settlement conference process, they must file a joint written request with the Court.

Please consult Practice Note 24 for principles and procedures of the fast-track settlement conferences including: conditions of eligibility, how parties can apply, how fast-track settlement conferences will be scheduled and what happens if the parties fail to settle the appeal.

Guide to the Textile Labelling and Advertising Regulations

Our current Divorce Act is a federal law which has been in effect since February , and is applicable throughout Canada. It is the Constitution of Canada that requires that Parliament set the conditions for marriage and divorce, to be administered equally in every province and territory of our country. In each province, there is a designated court that has the jurisdiction to deal with divorce and all its ramifications.

In Quebec, it is the Superior Court that deals with divorce and all related issues, including custody, child support, alimony, access rights, division of assets and so on. The Divorce Act provides that marriage breakdown is the grounds for divorce, and there are three particular kinds of marriage breakdown:. As a practical reality, by the time the divorce is finally heard by the court, whether after you and your spouse have come to an agreement or the two of you have fought it out in a protracted court battle, the last thing the two spouses want is a lengthy debate about the grounds for divorce, and there is usually reasonable cooperation to ease the process.

They must ensure that the information is kept up to date and inform the court (f) the reading of the text prescribed by law concerning the mode of trial, when the.

For youth under 18 years old, there are different rules for when you can legally consent to sexual activity, depending on your age. Read more below about what Canadian law says about what age you have to be to give valid consent to sexual activity. In Canada, for any sexual activity or sexual touching to be legal, it has to be done with the voluntarily permission of every person involved.

Sexual activity or sexual touching without consent is against the criminal law, no matter what your age. Sexual activity includes a range of activity from kissing to sexual intercourse and cannot include any abuse or exploitation. It does not matter if the teen gave their permission because the consent is not considered legally valid. C, s. Share your story.

COVID-19 and sexual contact: Recommendations and preventive measures

You can find out who is responsible for the electricity bill—the owner or the tenant—or update this information anytime, with just a few clicks. From the login page, click on Forgotten your access code to recover your username or on Forgotten your password to reset your password. You will need the e-mail address you gave us for your customer profile. If you are still having trouble connecting, or if the e-mail address you are using is no longer valid, please contact our technical support at 1 or by Facebook Messenger.

When someone with mental illness is brought before a court, a doctor must decide whether he is able to undergo trial. A judge can order a psychiatric evaluation of.

To help protect youth from sexual predators and to fight child sexual exploitation, which has become increasingly prominent in the age of the Internet, the Government of Canada has passed new legislation increasing the age of consent for sexual activity. From until recently, the age at which a youth could consent to nonexploitative sexual activity was 14 years 1. With the recent change to the criminal code of Canada, the age of consent for nonexploitative sexual activity is now 16 years.

Nonexploitative activity is defined as sexual activity that does not involve prostitution or pornography, and where there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency between the persons involved 1. A coach, spiritual leader, teacher, school principal, guidance counsellor or family member are all examples of persons in a position of trust or authority with youth. For exploitative sexual activity prostitution or pornography, or where there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency , the age of consent is 18 years.

The spirit of the new legislation is not to regulate consensual teenage sexual activity. To this effect, there are a few notable exceptions to the law:. Youth 12 or 13 years of age can consent to nonexploitative sexual activity with peers when the age difference is no more than two years. For example, a year-old child is deemed capable of consenting to sexual activity with a year-old, but not a year-old.

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